Life is almost a battle field. You have to face challenges at every step. If you know your enemy, you can be prepared to give a tough fight. But, if the enemy is unknown, it becomes tough to deal with. Diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. are examples of those silent foes which come stealthily with killer impacts on your body. Diabetes is such a disease which doesn’t have any visible symptoms at the initial stage. Lethargy, weakness, losing weight, etc. can happen due to other reasons. Still, you shouldn’t ignore if you face such symptoms. There are several effects of diabetes on the body. If you have a genetic history of diabetes, you must check for diabetes at every 6 months. As the effect of intensive treatment of diabetics, the normal nerve function can be delayed and other side effects can be seen. There are 10 side effects of diabetes which common among patients and deadly too.
What is Diabetes?
Whenever you eat or drink anything, your body starts breaking down the sugar content in the food and that sugar travels through your bloodstream to provide energy. The procedure can only work under the influence of insulin, a hormone that comes from the pancreas. If pancreas stops producing insulin or your body can’t use insulin effectively, then you have diabetes. In case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system of your body destroys the insulin releasing cells. Thus, insulin production is hampered and cells can’t absorb glucose. If anyone has type 2 diabetes, your body resists using the insulin effectively. Today, the risk of this type of diabetes is increasing among children.
What are the Side Effects of Diabetes?
If you have diabetes, you may not realize at the first stage. But, there are lots of other damages that the disease can do. What are the side effects of high blood sugar?-
Risk of Cardiac Diseases
Among 10 side effects of diabetes, this will take the first place in the list. If a person has unchecked diabetes, he is quite exposed to various cardiovascular diseases. Heart attacks, strokes, angina (chest pain due to coronary artery diseases), etc. are common complications of this disease. Due to high sugar, the arteries and walls of your heart get clogged by the deposition of fat. Thus, the blood vessels can’t pump enough blood to the heart and risks of heart attack increase a lot.
Leads to Nerve Damage
What is the effect of intensive treatment of diabetics? This affects your nerves. High blood sugar blocks the capillaries that provide nourishment to your nerves. Mainly your leg can get affected more than other limbs. You can have tingling affects or burning sensation at your toes and fingertips. Uncontrolled blood sugar can make your nerves numb and you can’t feel anything if your limbs are affected. Also, you can have nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, etc. if your digestion nerves are affected. Men can also face erectile malfunction due to high blood sugar level.
Affects on Kidney
Your kidneys have numerous small blood vessels which filters your blood and the filtrate blood runs through your veins. If a person is suffering from diabetes, this filtration process is hampered, which eventually creates pressure on the kidneys. Serious damages like kidney failure is one of the severe complications of diabetes.
You’re now realizing how dreadful diabetes can be. As the high level of blood sugar causes fat deposition at the blood vessels of retina, the retina can damage severely. One can even go blind if diabetes is not treated early. Other visual impediments like glaucoma, cataract, etc. are also side effects of diabetes.
Complications in Hearing
The way diabetes hampers the tiny blood vessels of kidney and eyes, it also injures the blood vessels of inner ear. Thus, people with high sugar can face loss of hearing.
Damage on Feet
It is clear that diabetics have poor blood flow. Due to this, several feet problems can increase. The nerves of a diabetic patient become numb because of lesser blood flow. Therefore, he can’t feel any blisters or cut at initial stage. If it is left untreated, the infection will grow and amputation may be needed.
What are the side effects of high blood sugar on skin? Diabetics are exposed to various skin problems like bacterial and fungal infections. For a diabetic patient, too much dry or moist skin can bring problems. If the skin is dry it can be cracked and bleed. It is necessary to apply petroleum jelly to make your skin moist. But, too much moisture can lead to fungal infections. Mainly, the joints of your fingers, armpits, groin, etc. are at risk of such infections.
Though it is still not clear how diabetes creates risk for this disease, it is known that Alzheimer’s patients are mainly diabetic. Experts say that due to poor blood circulation, the risk of this disease becomes evident. Researches have shown that, people with type 2 diabetes are more at threat of Alzheimer’s disease.
Problems at Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the changing course of hormones may cause gestational diabetes. Though in most cases, this diabetes can be controlled easily after the baby birth, it can cause infections at bladder or vagina. Also, the delivery can be more complicated by the heavier birth weight of the baby.
If you have diabetes you should check your dentist regularly. High blood sugar can cause swollen gums which leads to bleeding. Also, you can have problems of brittle teeth due to diabetes. Consider this among 10 side effects of diabetes.
Here are the dangerous effects of diabetes on the body which can destroy your immunity by damaging your body parts. Regular exercises, healthy lifestyle, daily check up and proper medication can keep you at good condition.